An export datasource is created when you want to use an info provider to load data to another targets which may reside in the same system or different system. An export datasource is created by default for a DSO. But its not the case for cubes. Below I will discuss one such scenario where I created and transported an export datasource.
You want to load data from cube in one system to a cube in another system. Let’s say that the source system is a SAP BW system with id SRD and target system is another BW system with system id TGD
SRD – SRT – SRP (Source system landscape)
TGD – TGT – TGP (Target system landscape)
Now there is a cube in SRD system which has data. This data needs to be get loaded to a cube in TGD system based on certain filters and conditions. And this has to finally move to the production systems (SRP and TGP)
The way to do this is first to request for a TR (transport request) in both SRD and TGD systems.